How is bronchiectasis caused?

Bronchiectasis distress signal

How is bronchiectasis caused?
Bronchiectasis distress signal

Bronchiectasis is a disease of chronic abnormal expansion of the bronchial tubes. Due to the chronic complications of the bronchus and its surrounding tissues and the separation of the bronchus, the bronchial tissue structure is severely pathologically damaged and causes the expansion and deformation of the bronchial lumen.

As a result, bronchiectasis is a chronic respiratory disease that causes difficulty breathing and does not breathe smoothly.

So how is bronchiectasis caused?

Let’s take a look at the following.

How is bronchiectasis caused?

Infection, double and traction of lung tissue are important factors in the development of bronchiectasis.

Infections in the lungs, such as whooping cough, tuberculosis or measles, pneumonia, etc., can cause immunoglobulin loss and mucociliary clearance.

The secretions in the cavity cannot be discharged smoothly, which will further aggravate the infection.

Due to the stagnant secretions in the cavity at both ends, the pressure on the bronchial wall is caused, and the prolonged expansion of the bronchus is caused by the long time.

Congenital developmental defects and genetic factors can also cause expansion.

If the patient has a large tracheal-bronchial sign or a soft tissue development disorder syndrome, it will cause bronchiectasis.

The distress signal of bronchiectasis, once you have a chronic cough, a lot of thick sputum, repeated hemoptysis, clubbing, should go to the hospital in time.

Coughing blood: 50%?
70% of patients have varying degrees of hemoptysis, hemoptysis varies, hemoptysis and severity, and the range of displacement is sometimes different.

Some patients with repeated hemoptysis as the only symptom, usually no cough, cough and phlegm and other symptoms, clinically known as “dry bronchodilation.”

Cough, a large amount of phlegm: due to the accumulation of secretions in the bronchiectasis, the secretions stimulate the bronchial mucosa to cause coughing and sputum excretion.

Coughing often occurs when you are in bed in the morning or at night, and the amount of cough increases.

When the infection is acute, the yellow-green sepsis is obviously increased, and it can reach several milliliters per day. If there is odor, it indicates that there is an anaerobic infection.

When infected, the sputum was collected in a glass bottle and left to stand after classification. The upper layer was foam, the lower suspicious component, the middle layer was turbid mucus, and the lower layer was necrotic tissue sediment.

Clubbing: If you have a clubbing, you need to consider whether you have a pulmonary heart disease.